Angel Facts
Angels are asexual and pure spirits that cannot procreate. Not unless they have fallen, that is.

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - Y - Z

Accusing Angel - Adona - Ambasadors - Amber - Ancient of Days

Beasts of the Field - Bird of God - Black Angel

Captain of the Host of the Lord -Captains of Fear - Cardinal Virtues - Caretaking Angels - Celestial Pilot - Chariots - Chariots of God - Chastiser - Chieftains
Children of Heaven - Cohabiting Glory - Cosmagagi - Crowned Seraph

Daemon - Daevas or Devas - Dark Angel - Days - Demiurge - Deputies - Deputy Angels - Destroying Angel - Destroying Angel of the Apocalypse - Devatas
Dionysius - Divine Beasts - Divine Wisdom - Dragon

Eighth Heaven - El and Elohim - Elders - Elect One - Empire - Empyrean - Entities - Ephemeras - Epistles - Esenes - Exerticus - Exousia

Female Angels - Flaming Angel - Forerunner Angel - Four Angels - Four Angels of the East - Four Spirits of the Heaven - Fourth Angel - Fowl of Heaven

Genii of Fire - Genius - Genius of Bestial Love - Genius of Contretemps - Giant Angels - Glorious Ones - Glory of God - God of this Age (or World) - Good Daimon
Great and Wonderful

Hapax Legomenon - Ha-Satan - Hastening Angel - Heavenly Academy - Heavenly Host - Heavenly Scribe - Hebdomad - Hechaloth - Herald Angel - Herald of Hell
Heroes of Heaven - Holy Beasts - Holy Ghost (or Spirit) - Holy Ones - Holy Trisagion - Horses - Hosts - Hosts of the High Ones (or Height) - Hosts of the Lord
Household of the Upper World

Indri - Informer - Intelligence

Jehovah-Angel - Jinn and Jinniyeh

Kabiri - Kadishim

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Levanah - Liberating Angel - Lights - Logos - Lords and Lordships - Lumazi - Luminaries

Mahanaim - Malkuth - Man Clothed in Linen - Man of Macedonia - Manna - Many-Eyed Ones - Master of Howling - Merciles Angel - Merkabah
Mesenger of the Covenant - Ministering Angels - Ministers - Myriad

Ninety-Nine Sheep - Ninth Heaven - Nomina Barbara - Novensiles

Oldest Angel - Olympian Spirits - Origin of Angels - Overseer of Light - Overshadowing Cherub

Parsang - Paradise - Patriarchs - Peacock Angel - Penitent Angel - Phylacteries - Pillared Angel - Pilot Angel - Plague of Evil Angels - Potentates - Powers of Glory
Preceptor Angels - Princedoms - Progenie of Light - Pseudo-Dyonisius

Qedusa - Quinaries

Reapers - Recording Angel - Red Angel - Reprobated Angels - Revealing Angel - Ruined Archangel - Rulers

Scourging Angels - Scribe of the Knowledge of the Most High - Scribe of Righteousnes - Scribes - Seats - Second Angel - Sephira - Septuagint - Servants
Seven Holy Ones - Seven Supreme Angels - Seventh Satan - Shepherd of Hermas - Sixth Angel - Sociable Spirit - Son of God - Sons of Heaven - Sons of Princes
Spirit - Spirit of Discord - Spirit of Fornication - Spirit of Ill-Will - Spirit of Jealousy - Spirit of Lying - Spirit of Perversion - Spirit of Whoredom - Spiritus Dei
Stewards of Heaven - Sword of Moses

Tall Angel - Tartaruchian Angels - Tartarus - Taurine Angel - Theological Virtues - Thief of Paradise - Third Angel - Thirteen Angels - Three Angels of Abraham
Throne Bearers - Time Spirit - Trisagion - Tutelary Angels - Twelve Sprits of the Zodiacal Cycle - Twenty-Four Elders

Urim and Thummim - Uthra and Uthri

Valiants of the Heavens - Vertues - Virgin of Light - Virgins

Warrior Angel - Warriors - Weighing Angel - Wheels - Winds - Wisdom - Woman Clothed with the Sun - World-Supporting Angels

Yetsirah a.k.a. Yetzirah - Yetzer Hara a.k.a. Yetzer Ra

Zeba'marom - Zeba'shamaim - Zechariah - Zohar - Zoroastrianism

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The Accusing Angel - usually the adversary (ha-satan), such as Job. He is also Sammael or Mastema. The hasidic Rabbi Zusya, in referring to the Sayings of the Fathers (Pirke Aboth), recites that "every sin begets an accusing angel."

Adona - All angelic names that start with the prefix "Adona" are based on God's title, Adonai, meaning "Lord, and are generally used in rites to exorcise evil forces.

Ambasadors - a term for angels which, in The Zohar, translates to "angels of peace."

Amber - a term from Ezekiel 1:4 that is defined "by the ancient Hebrews, the fire-speaking being, belonging to an angelic genus, just as cherubim, seraphim, etc,. denote distinct clases of angels."

Ancient of Days - in the cabala, a term used to describe the first sephira Kether and Macroposopus ("vast countenance") who is "God as He is in Himself." It is also a term applied to the "holy ones of the highest" (the most exalted and venerable of the angels). Daniel 7:9 he describes his vision of God: "I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of Days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool; his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire." Dionysius in The Divine Names describes the term Ancient of Days as "both the Eternity and the Time of all things prior to days and eternity and time." The term has also been used to describe Israel. In his mystical poems, William Blake describes the Ancients of Days as Urizen, the name he uses in those poems for Jehovah.

Angel-Year - an angel-year is either 145 or 365 years, according to Cornelius Agrippa and other occultists.

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Beasts of the Field - in The Zohar and most other cabalistic works this often used as a term for the higher angels.

Bird of God - Dante's term for an angel.

Black Angel - two angels of Mohammedan demonology: Monker and Nakir. There is another pictured, but unnamed, in the Mohammedan text Treatise on Astrology and Divination and this same black angel appears with two of his cronies in the Larouse Encyclopedia of Mythology.

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Captain of the Host of the Lord - the angel who Joshua, of Joshua 5, saw standing over against him with a drawn sword who sadi taht he was "the captain of the host of the Lord." That angels is usually credited with being Michael.

Captains of Fear - See Angels of Dread.

Cardinal Virtues - there are four cardinal virtues: justice, prudence, temperance, and fortitude. Like the three theological virtues they are often personified as angels.

Caretaking Angels - Temeluch and othe angels who tend to the care of premature babies and those that result from adulterous encounters.

Celesital Pilot - "The Celestial Pilot" is a poem that was written by Longfellow and inspired by Dante's Pilot Angel in Purgatorio II. In it Longfellow refers to the ferryman of souls as "the bird of God."

Chariots - angelic hosts that Psalm 68:17 describe as "The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels; the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, in the holy place."

Chariots of God - the holy wheels of the Merkabah (ophanim). In The Zohar, Scholem says that the patriarchs were made into "a holy chariot of God. A group of angels that Milton and the Talmud say consists of the Seraphim and the Cherubim.

The Chastiser - the destroying angel Kolazonta of Reider's The Book of Wisdom.

Chieftains - cabalistic celestial prince-guardians who protect the various nations on earth. According to The Zohar there are seventy of these beings.

Children of Heaven - the Enochian offspring of those sons of God who became fallen angels for mating with mortal women, the Nefillim.

Cohabiting Glory - the name given to Shekinah by Waite in The Secret Doctrine of Israel when he declares her to be "the guide of man on earth and the womanhood which is part of him."

Cosmagagi - the three intellectaul angelic guides of the universe in Chaldean cosmology.

Crowned Seraph - the six-winged devil who tempts those in the Garden of Eden. Fabricus says that Lucifer's crown, worn to signigy his position as light-bearer, is how one can tell him apart from the other Seraphim.

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Daemon (demon) - one of two sets of watchers, guardian angels who are considered to be the "spirits of the men of the golden age." To the ancient Greeks they are kind and helpful spirits, familiars, or angels. In Thrice-Greatest Hermes Mead suggests that Daimon means "father-mother of the universe."

Daevas a.k.a. Devas - malefic Zoroastrian entities who were created by Ahriman (Click here for a list of their names). However, they are benevolent holy spirits in both Hinduism and Theosophy. In fact, in Theosophy they make up an order of spirits who are of the hierarchy that "rules the universe under the deity."

The Dark Angel - the angel-man-God of Genesis 32:30 who struggled with Jacob at Peniel. Just who this entity was is up for speculation. Various sources have identified him as being Michael, Metatraon, Uriel, and even the God Himself. In The Zohar he is said to be Samael, the "chieftan of Esau." The Talmud says that it was the angel Michael-Metatron and Clement of Alexandria credits him with being the Holy Ghost.

Days - the word that Theodotus uses to mean angels.

Demiurge - in Platonic philosophy, the cretor of the world. In Gnosticism, an asistant to the Supreme Being during the act of Creation, sometimes said to be the creator of evil.

Deputies - one of the ten clases (orders) of angels in Talmud and Targum.

Deputy Angels - the memumin of Jewish magick, a group of angels that can be summoned to carry out one's will. They are usually considered to be evil, but the thriteenth century sage Eleazar of Worms insists that they are holy.

Destroying Angel - also known as the Angel of Destruction and the Angel of Death. According to The Book of Wisdom his name is Kolazonta, the same angel who is said to be "The Chastiser". A Christian group of secret asasins, the Danites, who were mistakenly said to be members of the early Mormon Church, were also called Destroying Angels. Angels of Destruction, Kolazonta being only one of several, are not inherently evil. They were among the first celestial beings to be created and there is no record of them having been a part of the great rebellion against Heaven.

Destroying Angel of the Apocalypse - according to Christian demonology his name is either Abaddon or Apollyon, "chief of the demons of the seventh dynasty."

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Devatas - the Judeo-Christian angels of Vedic lore. The term is often used interchangeably with the suryas.

Dionysius - It's said that Dionysius was the first bishop of Athens. He was martyred by the Romans during the reign of the emporer Domitian. He is credited with authoring The Celestial Hieracrhy and
The Ecclesiatical Hierachy, but these were written, years later, by a group of Noe-Platonists, in anonymity, who became known as Pseudo-Dionysius, or false Dionysius.


Divine Beasts - the holy hayyoth.

Divine Wisdom - chochma, the second sephira of the Tree of Life that is personified by the angel Raziel.

Dragon - the guardian of the golden apples of Hesperides, in clasical legend, and the gnostic term for the angel of dawn. In the Bible Satan is referred to as "the great dragon...that old serpent" who was "cast out into the earth," along with the other angels who accompanied him. And, according to Psalms 91:13, "the saints shall trample the dragon under their feet."

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Eighth Heaven - its Hebrew name is Muzaloth. According to Enoch II it is where the twelve signs of the zodiac reside, but the ninth heaven is also given as their home.

El and Elohim - El, the ending of most angels'; names, means "son of God." The plural of El is Elohim. Elohim is also God's dual aspect, masculine and feminine all in one. The name is composed of the female singular "eloh" and the masculine plural "im," to denote God's feminine and masculine characteristics united as one single force. This unity of God is the most important characteristic of the deity. It signifies the union between God and the Shekinah. To separate God's esence as two individual forces is the worst offense to the deity. Hence the Jewish Shema, or daily prayer, says "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God is the Eternal. The Eternal is One." Elohim is also the name of the angelic choirs asociated with the sephira Netzach, the seventh sphere of the Tree of Life. And in the Mirandola celestial hierarchy, Elohim rank as the ninth order of angels.

Elders - the twenty-four elders, clad in white, who sit on twenty-four thrones surrounding God's throne, "having each a harp and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints." are found in the Revelation of St. John. According to Charles' Critical Commentary on the Revelation of St. John, the Elders represent interpreters to John. To Charles they make up an order of angels that are patterned after the twenty-four Babylonian star-gods, and are the angelic representatives of the twenty-four priestly orders. In Enoch II htey are said to reside in the First Heaven. And, in the Vision of Paul it says that they can be found "singing hymns" among the cherubim and the archangels.

The Elect One - Metatron and the son of man, or the lord of spirits.

Empire - an angelic order that takes the place of the order of Virtues in White's A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom.

Empyrean - the name for Heaven and God's dwelling place in Christian angeoloty. To Ptolemy, Dante and Milton, it is the name of the Fifth Heaven, the seat of God.

Entities - an occult order of angels who dres in gold lame.

Ephemeras - There is a special clas of angels known as the Ephemeras who are created anew, by God, each morning to sing the Trisagion (Praises to the Deity). As soon as they've finished singing they are returned to the divine light.

Epistles - according to Webster's Dictionary, the Epistles are 1. twenty-one letters written by the Apostles to individuals or churches and included in the New Testament, 2. a simlar letter of instruction written by one of the Church Fathers, e.g. that of St. Clement to the church of Coring, 3. a pasage fom Scripture (usually from the Epistles in the New Testament) read or sung during Mas or the Eucharist.

Esenes - The Esenes were a mystical Jewish sect that existed from the second century B.C. until the second century A.D.

Exerticus - another name for an angelic host.

Exousia - the Greek word for the angelic order of what the New Testament calls the Powers, Authorities, and Virtues.

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Female Angels - in Arabic legend ther are quite a few female angels, called Benad Hasche ("daughters of God"), who were often objects of worship. In Jewish and Gnostic lore, however, female angels are rare. Shekinah is the most popular of the Jewish female celestial beings, and Pistis Sophia ("faith, knowledge") is the one known to exist in Gnosticism.

The Flaming Angel - See the Angel of Fire.

The Forerunner Angel - See John the Baptist, Metatron, and Shekinah.

Four Angels - the four angels "standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth" that are written about in Revelations 7. They are not named.

Four Angels of the East - Urzla, Zlar, Larzod, and Arzal. They are "benevolent and glorious angels" that one can invoke to learn some of the Creator's secret wisdom.

Four Archangels - Michael, Raphael, Gabriel, and Phanuel, according to Enoch I. Michael, Gabriel, Uriel, and Suriel (who is said to be like Raphael), in the Universal Standard Encyclopedia. According to traditional Arabic lore they are: Michael, who fights the battle of faith; Gabriel, the angel of revelation; Azrael, the angel of death, and Israfel, who will sound the trumpet at the Resurrection.

Four Spirits of the Heaven - black, white, grizzled angelic bay horses who "go forth from standing before the Lord of all the earth," according to Zechariah 6. In the Old Testament an unnamed prophet saw the horses harnesed to chariots.

The Fourth Angel - in Revelation 8, John describes the fourth angel as bein one of the seven angels of wrath who will sound a trumpet at the Resurrection. When this angel sounds his trumpet one-third each of the sun, the moon and the stars will be wiped out.

Fowl of Heaven - See Angels of Service.

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Genii of Fire - according to the occult Dictionary of Mythology, Folklore and Symbols, there are three such genii: Anael, king of astral light; Michael, king of hte sun; and Samael, king of volcanoes.

Genius (singular form of genii) - another name for an angel, spirit, or intelligence. Or, as Blake puts it in All Religions Are One, "the forms of all things are derived from their Genius, which by the Ancients was call'd an Angel and Spirit and Demon." Paul Christian, who wrote The History and Practice of Magic I, says that the genii of the orient are the origins of the Judaeo-Christian angels. The seventeenth century Jesuit, Athanasius Kircher, who traversed the planets along with the genius Cosmiel, meets the genii of Saturn whom he says are "sinister." Kircher also says that the job of the genii is to "administer divine justice to the wicked, and suffering to the righteous."

Genius of Bestial Love - the angel Schiekron.

Genius of Contretemps - the Angel of the Odd.

Giant Angels - the great demons of Milton's Paradise Lost I.

Glorious Ones - a term used for the highest order of Archangels.

Glory of God - a term that, according to the Jewish poet Judah ha-Levi, "denotes the whole clas of angels, together with their spiritual instruments - the thrones, chariots, firmament, ophanim, and the spheres (galgalim)."

God of this Age (or World) - in II Corinthians 4 Paul refers to Satan, chief of the fallen angels as being "in whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not," etc.

Good Daimon - the "Aeons of aeons," a title given to Thoth of Hermetic theology.

Great and Wonderful - the name that Michael gave to the Virgin Mary when he went to inform her of her impending death.

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Hapax Legomenon - searching for the meaning of this term...

Ha-Satan - The God-appointed heavenly "adversary." This is the title of an office, not the description or name of any particular angel. Biblical scholars believe that ha-satan ("the satan," or "the adversary") became the name of an angel (Satan) only through an accidental ommision of the definite article (the word "ha," or "the") that was made during the translation of a pasage describing the angel who is now named Satan.

Hastening Angel - a name that Milton gives to the angel Michael in Paradise Lost. According to his book, Michael is the angel who led Adam and Eve out of Eden. However, in Dryden's State of Innocence says that it was Raphael who was responsible for evicting them.

Heavenly Academy - the panel of judges that one must face upon arriving in heaven. It is they who decide whether one is to be "crowned with many crowns" or "thrust outside," to stand "within the pillar until he is taken to his punishment."

Heavenly Host - a name for all of the angels as a whole.

Heavenly Scribe - "the man clothed in linen" of Ezekiel 9:2 and Daniel 10. Michael, Enoch, Vretil, Radueriel, Metatron,and Soferiel have all been said to hold this position.

Hebdomad - the Ophitic name for the seven ruling angels of the Seven Heavens. Their names are Ialdoboath, Jao, Sabaoth, Adoneus (Adonai), Eloeus, Horeus (Oreus), Astaphaeus.

Hechaloth a.k.a. Hekhaloth ("beautiful virgins") - the halls or vestibules of the Heavenly Places. Cabalistically, the seven feminine emanations that isue forth from God's right side, the counterpart of the ten male Sephiroth.

Herald Angel - the angel who announced Jesus' resurrection, a deed credited to Akraziel, Raziel, and Michael. The herald angel represents the Nativity when he is depicted with his right hand raised in benedition and his wings st full span. The term "herald angel" was made popular by Wesley's Christmas carol "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing!"

Herald of Hell - a title for Zophiel.

Heroes of Heaven - a term used for good angels in The Thanksgiving Hymns by Mansoor.

Holy Beasts - the Cherubim of the Talmud. In Hagiga they are "the holy beasts are numbered with the ophanim [wheels, thrones] and the Seraphim, and the ministering angels.

Holy Ghost (or Spirit) - antoher name for the third part of the Holy Trinity, the comforter, who is sometimes regarded as female. In fact, the word "ghost" or "spirit" is of the female gender in Aramaic.

Holy Ones - another name for the Archangels.

Horses - a term for angels that can be found in Zachariah 6:2-5 and the Book of Revelation.

Hosts - another name for angels and one of the ten origianl orders of angels. Dionysius eliminated them when he fixed the number of choirs at nine.

Hosts of the High Ones (or Height) - another name for angels.

Hosts of the Lord - the ministering angels who follow Michael.

Household of the Upper World - one of the highest ranking order of angels, according to Hechaloth. In Hebrew they are called pamelia shel ma'alah.

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Indri - a celestial deity of Vedic lore who is said to be similar to the Judaeo-Christian angels. Also see Adityas.

Informer - another name for Satan, according to The Zohar.

Intelligence - Neo-Platonic angelic forces of the Sephiroth and, therefore, of the Tree of Life.
There are ten of them, one per sephira, and they are also associated with the planets.

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Jehovah-Angel - the name given to the angel of the Lord in Genesis 48:16 by Gregory Thaumaturgus in his "Panegyric Addressed to Origen."

Jinn (masculine) and Jinniyeh (feminine) - being of Moslem theology who were created 2,000 years before Adam and Eve. At the time of their inception they were high ranking angels, and Eblis was their chief. Five of those whom he ruled were his sons. However, Eblis refused to worship Adam and was therefore cast out of heaven, along with all of the other jinn, thus becoming fallen angels. In A Dictionary of Islam, Hughes writes that "The most noble and honorable among the angels are called the Ginn, because they are veiled from the eyes of the other angels on account of their superiority."

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Kabiri - the seven Phoenician angels who created the world. They are similar to the seven angels of the presence of gnostic and Jewish lore.

Kadishim a.k.a. Kadashim and Qaddisin ("holy ones") - angelic residents of either the Sixth or Seventh Heaven who outrank the angels of the Merkabah. One of their heavenly duties is to constantly sing songs of adoration in praise of the Lord, their other job is to serve on the seat of judgment, the beth din, alongside the Irin. According to rabbinic lore, the chief of the order "was made of hail, and he was so tall, it would take 500 years to walk a distance to his height."

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Levanah - the Hebrew name of the moon.

Liberating Angel - the Shekinah. It is she who "delivers the world in all ages and is always close to mankind, "never separated from the just."

Lights - another name that is used for angels.

Logos ("the word" or "reason") - a secret name of God. Also known as Michael, Metraton, the Holy Spirit, and the Mesiah. Philo says that Logos is "the angel that appeared to Hagar, the cloud at the Red Sea, one of the three angels that appeared to Abraham at Mamre, [and] the divine form that changed the name of Jacob to Israel at Peniel." Philo also calls him "the image of God, His Angel" and "the Oldest Angel, who is as though it were the Angel-chief of many names; for he is called Dominion and Name of God."

Lords and Lordships - a celestial order of angels who are listed among the Cherubim, Powers, and Thrones in the Apocalypse of the Holy Mother of God and the Archangel of Moses. Enoch uses the name Lordships to refer to the Dominions and they may also be the equivalent of both the Principalities and the Virtues. A quote from the lost Apocalypse of Zephaniah reads, "And the spirit took me up and carried me into the fifth Heaven and I saw angels called Lords and their diadem was lying in the Holy Spirit, and for each of them there was a throne seven times as bright as the light of the sun."

Lumazi - the seven Asyrian creators of the universe.

Luminaries - a term used for angels.

Mahanaim ("double host") - the two groups of angels (each numbering 600,000) who accompanied Jacob when he left Haran.

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Malkuth a.k.a. Malkut, Malkoot, Malkooth, Melkout, and Malchut - the tenth of the holy sephiroth, the En Soph, the Shekinah, soul of the Mesiah, or Metatron.

Man Clothed in Linen -a term applied to the angel Gabriel in Biblical pasages asociating him with the heavenly scribe who has been named as Enoch, Michael and Vretil. According to Charles' Critical Commentary on the Revelation of St. john, the man clothed in linen is the nameles Angel of Peace, the same one that appears in the Testament of Asher.

Man of Macedonia - an angel that Paul sees in a vision in Acts 16:10.

Manna ("what is this?") - the food of angels that consist of "the celebrating of God's glory." The drink of angels is "the proclaiming of His holines."

Many-Eyed Ones - another name for the Ofanim. All of the patriarchs of rabbinical writings become a many-eyed "Ofanim of fiery coals" upon their arrival in Heaven.

Master of Howling - the Lord of Shouting, Jeduthun.

The Merciles Angel - the angel Temeluch.

Merkabah - God's holy chariot.

Mesenger of the Covenant - See Angel of the Testament.

Ministering Angels - angels who are born anew, out of the river Danur, each morning to sing the Holy Trisagion. Their name in Hebrew is Malache ha-Shareth. To some Talmudists, they are the highest ranking of all of the celestial orders, the "hosts of the Lord." Others claim that they are among the lowest of ranks, their number making them the most expendable of all of the angels. Some of the angels of this order are said to have served food and drink to Adam in the Garden of Eden, namely Aebel, Anush, and Shetel. It is also said that seventy of them accompanied Michael when he descended to earth to teach languages to Noah's children.

Ministers - another name for angels.

Myriad - A Myriad is an immeasurable quantity, too large to be defined numerically.

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Ninety-Nine Sheep - the entirety of the angelic world, or as Methodius of Phillippi says, "We must see in the 99 sheep representation of the powers and the principalities and the dominations." An idea that Origen, Cyril of Jerusalem, and Gregory of Nysa support in similar writings.

Ninth Heaven - the place where, according to Enoch II says the twelve signs of the zodiac reside. He also says the same thing of the Eighth Heaven. The Hebrew name for the Ninth Heaven is kukhavim.

Nomina Barbara - still searching for the meaning of this term...

Novensiles - the nine great deities of the Etruscans who reign over thunderbolts.

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Oldest Angel - See Logos.

Olympian Spirits a.k.a. Olympic Spirits and Stewards of Heaven - angels who live in the air and interplanetary space and reign over the 196 privinces into which the universe has been divided.

Origin of Angels - to date angels have been said to exist since before the creation of the world (Job 38:7, Ministrations and Communion with Angels, Ketab Tamin, and Yalkut Hadash), created on the first day of Creation (The Book of Jubilees, Emoch II, Baruch III), created on the second day of Creation (Bereshith Rabba, Pirke Rabbi Eliezre, Enoch II, Targum Yerushalmi), created on the fourth day of Creation (Ibn Anas), and created on the fifth day of Creation (Genesis Rabbah and Rabbi Haninah). So far, however, no one has said that they were created on the third day of Creation.

Overseer of Light - the angel Jeu.

Overshadowing Cherub - a name given to King Nebuchadnezzar a.k.a. the Prince of Tyre - an angel who is killed by God himself.

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Paradise - either the Third Heaven, as stated in the Apocalypse of Moses and Enoch II or the Fourth Heaven as stated in the following quote of the gnositc Valentinians, in the Adversus haereses I: "They say that Paradise, which is above the Third Heaven is virtually a fourth angel."

Parsang - A Parasang equals three miles.

Patriarchs - according to The Zohar, all Jewish patriarchs become great angels when they arrive in Paradis, as in the case of Enoch and Elijah. Upon their transformation they then become members of one of the three highest ranking choirs. However, according to the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia I, such a belief has never been a part of Judiasm.

The Peacock Angel - Taus-Melek.

The Penitent Angel - Abbadona.

Phylacteries - according to Webster's Dictionary they are "small, square leather boxes containing slips of vellum, on which are written portions of the Mosaic Law, worn one on the head, another on the left arm, by orthodox and conservative Jewish men at prayer, in token of the duty to obey the law." Definition two simply states that they are amulets.

Pillared Angel - an angel of Revelation 9 who is "clothed with a cloud." He is said to have one foot on the sea and the other on land, and to hold up Heaven with his right hand while declaring that "time shall be no more."

Pilot Angel - a fictional angel from Dante's Purgatorio, known as "God's angel," who carries the sould from south of the Tiber to their destination in Purgatory via ferry. He is also the angel who greets Dante and Virgil when they first head out on their journey.

Plague of Evil Angels - the fifth of the plagues visited upon the ancient Egyptians.

Potentates - another name for the order of Powers.

Powers of Glory - according to The Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs (Judah 25), an angel equal in rank to the angel of the presence, the sun, moon, and stars. A wise and beautiful angel of God.

Preceptor Angels - special angelic counselors and guides to the patriarchs of the Jewish cabala, Adam, Shem, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Joseph, Joshua, Daniel, Jacob, Moses, Elijah, Samson, David, and Solomon.

Princedoms - a name given to the Principalities by Milton in Paradise Lost V.

Progenie of Light - a term that Milton uses for angels in Paradise Lost V.

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Qedusa - See Trisagion.

Quinaries - sets of five degrees in the 360 degres of the zodiac.

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Reapers - a job ascribed to the angels in a quote foun din Matthew 13:29 - "and the reapers are the angels." Also another name for the angel of death.

Recording Angel - Pravuil, Vretil, Radueriel and Dabriel (all different names for the same angel), Nabu, a.k.a. Nebo (of Babylonia), and Moakkibat (in Arabic lore). Kiramu 'l-katibin are unique in that they constitute a pair of heavenly scribes; one is in charge of recording the good, and the other the evil, deeds of all believers. Upon the believers death the records are then sent on to Azrael, the angel of death.

The Red Angel - the name of the angel in the painting "Descent of the Red Angel," by Marc Chagall. And another name for the angel of Fire.

Reprobated Angels - the seven angels who were condemned to hell by a meeting of the Roman church council, headed by Pope Zachary, in 745 C.E. Those who were placed on the chopping block are: Uriel, Raguel, Inias, Adimus, Simiel (Simibel), Tubuael (Tubuas), and Sabaothe (Saboac). The council also convicted the bishops Adalbert and Clement of heresy for having taught their flocks to venerate these angels. The reason for the councils actions was the sudden increase in the number of "new angels" that were cropping out from sources other than the Bible. Pope Zachary wasn't the first to try and put a stop to the invocation and veneration of non-Biblical angels, however. The first attempts had been made by Eusebius and Theodoret in the fourth and fifth centuries but, of course, they had failed.

The Revealing Angel - an angel of the Koran whose name isn't given. He is simply identified as "a plain warner from him."

Ruined Archangel - an name given to Satan by Milton in Paradise Lost I when referring to him as a fallen angel.

Rulers - an order of angels in the Septuagint who are said to be equal in rank to the Dominations. John of Damascus ranks tehm among the first of the third triad in the nine-fold hierarchy, the usual placemant of the Principalities.

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Scourging Angels - the Hebrew malache habbala the angels of "pitiles mind" who Abraham met while visiting Paradise.

Scribe of the Knowledge of the Most High - a title given to nine different angels, Vretil, Enoch, Dabriel, Ezra, Pravuil, Radueriel, Soferiel Memith, Soferiel Mehayye, and Uriel.

Scribe of Righteousnes - the title given to Enoch in the Vision of Paul XX where Paul sees Enoch as an angel in Paradise.

Scribes - an Enochian order of angels of high rank. There job is to record all of mankind's deeds and then read them aloud during sesions of the celestial court.

Seats a.k.a. Sedes - an order of angels in Augustine's City of Gods and A Treastise of Angels. The name may be an allusion to the order of Thrones as suggested by Edmund Spenser in his "An Hymne of Heavenly Beautie."

Second Angel - a name given to Adam in Enoch II.

Sephira a.k.a. Sefira - the singular form of Sephiroth or Sefitoth, the spheres of the Tree of Life. These spheres are considered to be portals that God used to manifest His existence while creating the universe. The cabala mentions ten holy and ten unholy, called Qliphoth (qliphira, singular) of such divine emanations. The holy ones are said to have emanated from God's right and the unholy from his Left. They are similar to what he Platonics call powers or intelligences and to the aeons of Gnosticism. The Book of Formation (the Sefer Yetzirah) describes the ten sephiroth as being without limits; "the infinity of the Begining and the infinity of the End; the infinity of the Good and the infinity of the Evil; the infinity of the Height and the infinity of the Depth...their apearance is like that of a flash of lightning, their goal is infinte. His word is in them when they emanate and when they reurn... and before His throne they prostrate themselves."

Septuagint - Websters dictionary defines the Septuagint as being the Greek version of the Old Testament, including the Apocrypha, traditionally said to have been made by about seventy translators. Produced for the library of Alexandria in the third and second century B.C., this translation was popular whith the Jews of the Diaspora, whose language was Greek, and it was often preferred to the Hebrew version by the early Fathers of the Christian Church. It was the first vernacular version of the Bible and is still used in the Orthodox Eastern Church.

Servants - a term for the angels who serve God in Hechaloth and Merkabah lore.

The Seven Holy Ones - another term for the Seven Archangels.

Seven Supreme Angels - the cabalistic rulers of the 196 Olympic provinces that Heaven is divided into. Their sigils are reproduced in Amulets and Talismans by Budge, the originals are in the philosophical works of Cornelius Agrippa. See Seven Olympic Spirits for a list of the angelic rulers.

Seventh Satan - the fallen angel Hakael.

Seventy-two Names of God - See the Shemhamphorae (a lot of the names also belong to angels).

Shepherd of Hermes - See Phanuel.

The Sixth Angel - an unnamed angel in Revelation who is said to be one of the seven angels of wrath who "loosed the four angels who were bound in the great river Euphrates" and that were "prepared to slay the third part of men."

The Sociable Spirit - a name given to Raphael in Milton's Paradise Lost V.

Son of God - the name most commonly applied to Jesus and one that is used to identify an angel in II Esdras.

Sons of Heaven - according to The Manual of Discipline, angels who sit at the divine council during deliberations. However, in Mansoor's The Thanksgiving Hymns it's just a term for good angels.

Sons of Princes - one of the ten ten orders of angels in the Talmud and Targum. However, since angels (princes) cannot procreate, there can be no such offspring.

Spirit - a term to describe all beings in existence. Angels and Demons are pure spirts, humans are impure spirits, and God is a divine spirit.

Spirit of Discord - a servant of God who was sent to intervene between Abimelech and the men of Schechem.

Spirit of Fornication a.k.a. Angel of Lust - See Pharzuph.

Spirit of Ill-Will - an angel who, according to I Kings 18:10-11, "came upon Saul and he prophesied in the midst of his house. And David played...as at other rimes. And Saul held a spear in his hand. And threw it, thinking to nail Daved to the wall."

Spirit of Jealousy - an unnamed angel mesenger of God.

Spirit of Knowledge - a term used in The Thanksgiving Hymns to identify the order of Cherubim.

Spirit of Lying - an angel mesenger of God who, in I Kings, says, "And I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets."

Spirit of Perversion - See Angel of Darknes.

Spirit of Whoredom - an Angel of Lust found in Hosea 4, 12.

Spiritus Dei - a term meaning "the breath of God" that is used in Angels and Demons According to Lanctantius to denote an angel.

Stewards of Heaven - See Olympian Spirits.

Sword of Moses - a sword that God gave to man to help him defeat evil.

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The Tall Angel - an angel who Moses encounter in the Third Heaven who has 70,000 heads. According to the legend this angel is said to be Sandalphon, even though Sandalphon is said to reside elsewhere. According to Wertheimer's Bate Midrashot IV, the angel Moses saw is Nuriel but, Ginzberg says that this is a scribal error because Nuriel lives in the Second Heaven, where Moses runs into him and, so far as is known, he only has one head. The tallest of all the angels is either Metatron, Anafiel, or Hadraniel.

Tartaruchian Angels - angels who have been "observed by the fiery river, the tartaruchian angels have in their hands iron rods with three hooks with which they pierce the bowels of sinners," according to the Vision of Paul, 34.

Tartarus - another name for Hell.

Taurine Angel - his full name is "the taurine angel of the abys" and when his roar is heard he "causes the water from the lower abys to be poured into the upper abys." The Legend of the Jews V also mentions the "roaring of the taurine angel," but that mention is believed to be a reference to the Babylonian belief in the God Ea.

Theological Virtues - the three theological virtues are faith, hope, and charity and, like the four cardinal virtues, they are often personified as angels.

Thief of Paradise - a name given to Satan in Milton's Paradise Regained IV.

The Third Angel - one of the seven angels who will sound a trumpet on the day of judgment. When his horn is heard to sound the great star (angel) Wormwood will fall from Heaven.

The Thriteen Angels - angels of Blake's poem "America" who "Rent off their robes to the hungry wind, and threw their golden scepters/Down on the land of America; indignant they descended/Headlong from out their heav'nly heights, descending swift as fires/Over the land."

Three Angels of Abraham - the three men who Abraham entertained at Mamre, not knowing that they were angels, have been identified as either Michael, God, and Gabriel, Michael, the Logos, and Raphael or the Holy Ghost, God, and Jesus. One of those angels promised Moses' wife, Sara, a son. That promise was fulfilled when she gave birth to Isaac. This story resembles the Greek tale of the three chief Olympians (Zeus, Poseidon, and Hermes) who went to visit Hyrieus, an old man in Tanagra. When the Gods asked him what it is he would most wish for he asked them for a son. His wish was granted with the birth of Orion.

Throne Bearers - an Islamic choir of angels. Their are currently only four members of this choir, but it is said that their number will double on the day of resurrection.

The Time Spirit - Steiner gives this as Michael's rank, placing him above the Archangels, in his book The Mision of the Archangel Michael. In this same book he also states that Michael is now residing on earth, as of the middle of the nineteenth century, to help human souls "fight counterstriving spirits" so that he can "enable us to acquire spiritualized concepts."

Trisagion a.k.a Qedusa - the trisagion, commonly called the Holy Trisagion, is a song sung by the angels of the throne of Glory. Every verse consists of the same words, "holy, holy, holy."

Tutelary Angels - another name for Guardian Angels.

Twelve Spirits of the Zodiacal Cycle - according to Eliphas Levi, they are: Sarahiel, for Aries; Saraiel, for Gemini; Seratiel, for Leo; Chadakiel, for Libra; Araziel, for Taurus; Phakiel, for Cancer; Schaltiel, for Virgo; Sartziel, for Scorpio; Saritiel, for Sagittarius; Semaqiel, for Capricorn; Tzakmaqiel, for Aquarius; and Vocatiel, for Pisces. However, according to Camfield in A Theological Discourse of Angels, they are: Malchedael, for Aries; Ambriel, for Gemini; Verchiel, for Leo; Zuriel, for Libra; Asmodel, for Taurus; Muriel, for Cancer; Hamaliel, Virgo; Barchiel, for Scorpio; Adnachiel, for Sagittarius; Haniel, for Capricorn; Gambiel, for Aquarius; and Barchiel, for Pisces.

Twenty-Four Elders - See Elders.

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Urim and Thummim - in the Bible Urim means "household idol" and it is used in connection with tummim (thummim), which means "perfection" and together they comprise an oracle used for determining God's will. Both of the names, Urim and Tummim, come from the Babylonian-Chaldean tablets of destiny that are "owned" by Taimat and are said to have the power to decide the fate of mankind. According to The Zohar, "Urim signifies the luminous speculum, which consisted of the engravure of the Divine Name composed of forty-two letters by which the world was created; whereas the Thummim consisted of the nonluminous speculum made of the Divine as manifested in the twenty-two letters. The combination of the two is thus called Urim and Thummim."

Uthra and Uthri - uthri is the plural form of uthra. These are the ten spirits of life (angels) in Mandaean lore who folow the course of the sun on its daily rounds. Their names are: Zuhair, Zahrun, Buhair, Bahrun, Sar, Satwan, Tar, Tarwan, Rabia, and Talia. According to The Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran ther are twenty such spirts. The other names are given as follows: Pthahil, Zaharill, Adam, Qin, Ram, Rud, Shurbai, Sharhabiil, Shumbar Nu, Nuraitha, Yahya Yuhana, Qinta, Anhar, Eve, Abathur, Bahrat, Yushamin, Dnuth Hiia, Habshaba and Kana d Zidqa.

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Valiants of the Heavens - a term for angels used in Isaiah 33:7 and the Psalms of Thanksgiving of the New Covenant from the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Vertues - Miltons's spelling, with a lowercase "v," for the order of the Virtues in Paradise Lost.

Virgin of Light - an angel of Manichaean lore who belongs to the order of Virtues and resides in the moon. According to Coptic texts, she is in charge of selecting the bodies that each human's soul will inhabit upon their conception. In the Pistis Sophia, she is a replacement for Sophia as the judge of souls and distributor of holy seals. She is asited by seven other Virgins of Light, as well.

Virgins - an order of angels, similar to the Virtues, in the Book of Resurrection of Christ by Bartholomew the Apostle (a Coptic text).

Virtues of the Camps - residents of the Second Heaven who wait in preparednes for Judgment Day.

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The Warrior Angel - Michael.

Warriors - a choir of angels in Milton's Paradise Lost I and Zanchy's Opera Omnia Theologica.

Weighing Angel - the angel Dokiel.

Wheels - the "many-eyed ones," a.k.a. the Ofanim. The Talmudists group them with both the cherubim and the Seraphim as being an order of angels equal in rank to the Pseudo-Dionysian Thrones. The chief of the order is Rikbieland, in The Zohar they are said to rank higher than the Seraphim.

Winds - a Hebrew term for angels as in, "He maketh the winds his angels, an flaming fires his ministers."

Wisdom - a being of Enoch II, a.k.a. Pistis Sophia. On the sixth day of Creation God commands Wisdom to "make man of seven substances." In the Catholic Encyclopedia, the "angel of the Lord" is the personification of wisdom, and in Zachariah 3:1 is appears to mean "that son of Man who Daniel saw brought before the Ancient of Days." And, according to The Book of Wisdom by Reider, Wisdom is the "asesor on God's throne," the divine agent "by which all things were created."

Woman Clothed with the Sun - a being of Revelation 12:1-2 where it says: "And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars. And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered." This may be the only time when a being of angel lore is said to be with child. According to the text, she is the celestial equivalent of teh Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus, the son of God. Heckethorn in The Secret Societies of All ages and Countries, she is derived from the Egyptian Isis.

World-Supporting Angels - See Omophorus and Splenditenes.

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Yetsirah a.k.a Yetzirah ("formation") - the world of angels formed from the emanations of God; the home of the angels; cabalistically, one of the four great divisions that make up the world.

Yetzer Hara a.k.a. Yetzer Ra - the evil side of mankind. According to the Jewish tradition, the personification of evil itself (satan). Or, as Rabbi Simeon ben Lakish of the third century said, "The Yetzer Ra, Satan, and the angel of death are one and the same."

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Zeba'marom - a term for angels found in Isaiah 24:21, where it means "hosts of the heights."

Zeba'shamaim - a term for angels in Deuteronomy 17:3, whre it means "hosts of Heaven."

Zechariah - three hundred years before Daniel, Zehcariah had already sorted the angels according to rank, but he gave no names for them. It is also believed that he got the idea for his "seven eyes of the Lord" from the Amesha Spentas of Zoroastrian lore.


Zohar - The Zohar is the principal work on the Cabala.

Zoroastrianism - the system of early Persian beliefs.
Zoraster was a prophet in ancient Persia who, after seeking heavenly visions, converted the king and court of Bactria to his faith. His sayings can be found in the Avesta. He instituted the caste of magus and founded Zoroastrianism on the belief that good and evil are absolutes. They are represented by the gods Ormazd and Ahriman who are constantly engaged in battle. The followers of Ormazd must stive for purity in thought, word and deed, according to a strict code of ethics. In the Zoroastrian faith, man can attain perfection by individually choosing good over evil. Zoroastrianism was the national religion of Persia and influential in the Near East until the rise of Islam in the seventh century. The Parsees of India still adhere to a form of this faith.

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